What is Corona Virus and Why it Has Become A Pandemic?

Coronaviruses are a group of viruses responsible for causing respiratory tract infections ranging from mild to severe diseases, including Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) to Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).

What is CoronaVirus (COVID-19)?

COVID-19 is a new strain that has never been reported or identified in humans. It was discovered in 2019, and since then, the majority of the population across the world is facing severe consequences.

Talking about the responsible viruses, they are from the CoronaVirus family, the same group as the SARS. Similar to other coronaviruses, COVID-19 has also been transferred from animals to humans and its global impact has now been declared a pandemic in March 2020 by WHO. After the WHO’s advisory, several preventive and early-symptom treatment-related advisories have been rolled out by the World Health Organization.

Symptoms of CoronaVirus Disease (COVID-19)

The severity of COVID-19 symptoms can range from very mild to severe pneumonia-like symptoms. The early symptoms of COVID-19 can range from mild pneumonia to a severe one causing cough, fever, and breathing difficulties in the affected person. Since it is viral pneumonia, no antibiotics are effective against the disease, and the drugs available don’t work against the flu. Moreover, there is no vaccine available against the illness. However, a strong immune system can help in a fast recovery if a person is affected acutely.

The early sign of COVID-19 may take as long as two weeks or 14 days after coming in contact with an affected person. The symptoms may include:

  • Fever 
  • Cough 
  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing
  • Other symptoms can include: 

    • Tiredness 
    • Aches 
    • Runny nose
    • Sore throat

How to Protect Yourself

As no prevention is currently available against COVID-19, the best way to keep the illness away is to prevent coming in contact with anyone having the symptoms and by following the below-written measures. Standard recommendations to prevent infection spread include:

    • Handwashing at regular intervals.
    • Using a Facemask every time, you step out of the home.
    • Covering your mouth with a tissue while coughing or sneezing or using the inside of your elbows.
    • Avoiding close contact with everyone especially those showing even minor symptoms.
    • Practising social distancing if COVID-19 has been reported in your community.
    • Staying home, stepping out only to get medical assistance or necessary food items.
    • Using sanitizers every time you go outside or touch any unhygienic surfaces like table, light switch, smartphones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, sink, etc.

WHO Declares the CoronaVirus Outbreak a Pandemic

WHO chief Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said, the term “Pandemic” is now used to show deep concern over “alarming levels of infection” over the virus.

What is a Pandemic?

A pandemic is referred to describe a disease that spreads from humans to humans in multiple countries across the globe at the same time and there remains no active treatment or medicines available for the cure.

The last pandemic was reported in 2009 when the Swine flu outbreak, killing thousands of people before it was contained.

At the end of February, Dr.Tedros said while the CoronaVirus shows the absolute pandemic potential it was not yet there because “we are not witnessing uncontained global spread.”

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